Nutrients in Broccoli Sprouts

Nutrients in broccoli sprouts – In order to try and maintain optimum health, a healthy diet is essential. This means that meals are a diverse mix of vitamins and nutrients.

Doctors and nutritionists recommend a daily amount of vitamins and nutrients for the best results and so when organizing meals, the amounts and types of the different recommended ingredients in each individual food item should be taken into consideration.

Although many foods have very little nutritional value, there are a wide and diverse number of foods that are nutritious. You should pay close attention to broccoli sprouts nutrition.

Nutrients in Broccoli Sprouts & Superfoods

Superfoods are foods which have a high density of nutritious value and whilst they are mainly plant based foods, some fish and dairy products are also often classified as a superfood.

Perhaps the most commonly known superfoods are berries and nuts, leafy or cruciferous vegetables such as cauliflower and broccoli, plus of course certain fish types.

Although no one superfood can provide you with all your nutrition needs, they will certainly help you achieve your recommended daily quota. Perhaps less well known, to those that do know them, is the fact that Broccoli Sprouts are often referred to as a superfood. Nutrients in broccoli sprouts are the same as those in superfoods.

Although Broccoli, as a part of the cabbage-mustard family, a cruciferous vegetable, is classified as a superfood because it is jam-packed with vitamins A, C and K, minerals, calcium, and fiber, broccoli sprouts are even more nutritious than the full-grown broccoli leaves.

Broccoli Sprouts Nutrition – What Nutrients do Broccoli Sprouts Have?

Although broccoli sprouts may not provide as much vitamin A and K as the fully grown broccoli, they more than make up for that loss in other ways, as can be seen in this example of a typical 115g/4oz serving with a total of only 25 calories:

  • 54 milligrams vitamin C (60% DV)
  • 90 micrograms vitamin A (10% DV)
  • 5 grams carbohydrates
  • 2 grams of protein
  • 78 milligrams calcium (6% DV)
  • 720 micrograms iron (4% DV)
  • 0.5 gram
  • 4 grams of fiber

Basic Scientific Explanation of Broccoli Sprouts

Nutrients in Broccoli Sprouts – Sprouts

Nutrients in Broccoli Sprouts – Sprouts are young plants, and so have the additional nutrients to help the plant grow and, perhaps more importantly, to flower. Sprouts are generally skinny as they are just one step up from seeds, so they are still laden with beneficial nutrients. In order to sprout from the seed they need a warm, moist atmosphere and whilst this atmosphere is beneficial to sprout growth, it also provides conditions for bacteria to thrive.

Nutrients in Broccoli Sprouts

How do Broccoli Sprouts Work?

The nutrients from sprouts are released when they are disturbed and this can be by boiling or by the action of chewing. For this reason the sprouts provide more nutrition if eaten raw.

Although slightly tangy, broccoli sprouts are otherwise rather bland in taste however they do provide a nutritious crunch to any sandwich or salad. If the sprouts are to be eaten raw, they should be well washed as their environment for good growth is also ideal for bacteria.

Nutrients in Broccoli Sprouts – Sulforaphane

Nutrients in broccoli sprouts include Sulforaphane is a name given to a group of phytochemicals found in cruciferous vegetables including broccoli and broccoli sprouts. It is sulforaphane which lends many nutritional experts to rank sprouts higher as a superfood than fruits, as it is the sprouts which provide a higher abundance than their fully grown plant.

Benefits of Sulforaphane

Sulforaphane, a naturally occurring compound found primarily in cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, particularly in broccoli sprouts, has garnered significant attention in the scientific and health communities for its remarkable health benefits. Among its numerous advantages, sulforaphane is renowned as a source for a nootropic agent, which has shown the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier, a critical feature that enhances its effectiveness in brain health.

One of the key benefits of sulforaphane as a nootropic is its potential to improve cognitive functions. Studies suggest that it can enhance various cognitive abilities, including memory, creativity, and motivation. By crossing the blood-brain barrier, sulforaphane can exert direct effects on brain cells, offering neuroprotective benefits. It’s believed to aid in the prevention of cognitive decline associated with aging and may reduce the risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.

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Furthermore, sulforaphane has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. In the context of brain health, this is particularly important as oxidative stress and inflammation are key contributors to cognitive decline and brain aging. By combating oxidative stress and inflammation, sulforaphane helps in maintaining healthy brain function and improving mental clarity and focus.

Another significant aspect of sulforaphane’s benefits is its role in detoxification. It boosts the body’s natural detoxification processes, helping to clear potentially harmful compounds. This detoxifying effect also extends to the brain, where it can help in clearing neurotoxic compounds that might contribute to cognitive impairment or mental health issues.

Sulforaphane’s ability to modulate brain function also extends to mood regulation. Preliminary research suggests it may have a positive impact on mood disorders, such as depression and anxiety, by influencing neurotransmitter systems and inflammatory pathways in the brain. This mood-stabilizing effect can indirectly contribute to improved cognitive function, as better mental health is closely linked to clearer thinking and better concentration.

In addition to its direct effects on the brain, sulforaphane also impacts overall health, which in turn benefits cognitive functions. For instance, it plays a role in improving cardiovascular health, which is crucial for maintaining optimal blood flow to the brain. Good cardiovascular health ensures that the brain receives a steady supply of oxygen and nutrients, which are essential for cognitive function.

Moreover, emerging research indicates that sulforaphane may have a role in regulating blood sugar levels, which is significant since high blood sugar can adversely affect brain health. By helping to maintain healthy blood sugar levels, sulforaphane contributes to the prevention of cognitive deficits related to diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

Given these wide-ranging benefits, incorporating sulforaphane-rich foods like broccoli sprouts into one’s diet is seen as a simple yet effective strategy for boosting brain health. As research continues to unveil the multifaceted benefits of sulforaphane, it is becoming increasingly clear that this compound holds significant promise not just for cognitive enhancement but also for overall health and well-being.

In conclusion, the benefits of sulforaphane, particularly in the realm of cognitive health, are vast and multifaceted. Its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier makes it a potent agent for improving brain function, protecting against cognitive decline, and potentially aiding in the management of mood disorders. As we continue to understand more about this powerful compound, it is likely that even more benefits will be discovered, further solidifying sulforaphane’s role as a key component in the pursuit of optimal brain health.

Sulforaphane and Cancer

Although no human studies have yet been completed, test tube and animal research have shown that sulforaphane may help in the fight against cancer. As mentioned, sulforaphane is one of the Nutrients in broccoli sprouts.

It is believed that more thorough studies will show that sulforaphane will help protect from several types of cancer, such as breast, lung, prostate and skin cancers if 3-5 servings of foods producing them, such as cruciferous vegetables, are eaten each week.

How Sulforaphane Is Produced

Cruciferous plants, a remarkable group of vegetables that include broccoli, broccoli sprouts, cabbage, kale, and cauliflower, are rich in a unique compound known as glucoraphanin. This compound, when consumed, undergoes a transformation within the body, primarily due to the action of an enzyme called myrosinase, to produce sulforaphane, a substance highly valued for its health benefits.

Sulforaphane, derived from glucoraphanin, has been the subject of extensive research and is celebrated for its potential anti-cancer properties, ability to fight oxidative stress, and its role in detoxification processes in the body. This makes cruciferous vegetables an essential part of a health-focused diet. However, the process of obtaining sulforaphane from glucoraphanin is delicate and can be easily disrupted by various factors, particularly heat.

The challenge with glucoraphanin lies in its sensitivity to temperature. When cruciferous vegetables are exposed to heat, especially during cooking processes like boiling or steaming, the glucoraphanin content diminishes significantly. This reduction is not just marginal; in fact, a substantial amount of this valuable compound can be lost when these vegetables are cooked extensively. The heat not only reduces the concentration of glucoraphanin but also impairs the enzyme myrosinase, which is critical for converting glucoraphanin into sulforaphane.

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Moreover, it’s important to note that fruits, unlike these cruciferous vegetables, generally do not contain significant amounts of glucoraphanin. This is partly because fruits, by their very nature, require a certain degree of heat or warmth for their growth and development, conditions under which glucoraphanin is less likely to thrive or maintain its stability.

Interestingly, the process of breaking down glucoraphanin to release sulforaphane can also occur through mechanical means such as chewing. When we chew cruciferous vegetables, we facilitate the conversion of glucoraphanin to sulforaphane. However, this beneficial process can be undermined if the vegetables are overly boiled. Boiling to a significant extent not only depletes the glucoraphanin content but also can denature the myrosinase enzyme, impeding the conversion to sulforaphane. Therefore, the manner in which we prepare and consume these vegetables is crucial in preserving their nutritional value.

Given these considerations, the best way to consume broccoli and broccoli sprouts to maximize their nutritional benefits is by eating them raw. Consuming these vegetables in their raw form ensures that the glucoraphanin content is preserved, and the myrosinase enzyme remains active and effective in converting glucoraphanin into sulforaphane. This way, one can fully benefit from the array of health advantages these compounds offer.

In summary, the nutritional integrity of cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and broccoli sprouts is highly dependent on how they are prepared and consumed. While cooking can make vegetables palatable and even release certain nutrients, in the case of glucoraphanin, it is counterproductive. Thus, to fully harness the health benefits of sulforaphane, a diet incorporating raw broccoli sprouts and lightly cooked or raw broccoli is recommended. This approach allows one to enjoy the full spectrum of nutrients these extraordinary vegetables have to offer, contributing significantly to a healthy, balanced diet.

plate of broccoli sprouts

Side Effects of Eating Broccoli Sprouts

As with most good things, there are potential side effects from eating broccoli sprouts even though there are nutrients in broccoli sprouts.

As the ideal growing environment for sprouts is also ideal for bacteria, some stomach upsets have been experienced from eating them raw. Broccoli sprouts will of course provide the most nutrition when eaten raw, however, due to the potential side effects, many people recommend lightly steaming them before eating. Gently steaming the sprouts will ensure bacteria are killed whilst losing a minimum of their nutritional benefits.

How to Get Broccoli Sprouts

It is perhaps rare to get broccoli sprouts from your local grocer but this is mainly because people prefer to grow their own at home.

A sprout grower kit is probably the easiest way to start growing them yourself and these kits are readily available from Todd’s Seeds

If you do decide to grow your own sprouts, and Todd’s Seeds have many options, broccoli sprouts are perhaps the most beneficial because of their glucoraphanin as well as other nutrients.

FAQ: Nutrients in Broccoli Sprouts

1. What are broccoli sprouts?
Broccoli sprouts are the young shoots of the broccoli plant, harvested just a few days after germination. They are highly regarded for their nutritional content and health benefits, which are significantly higher in concentration compared to mature broccoli.

2. Why are broccoli sprouts considered superfoods?
Broccoli sprouts are considered superfoods due to their high concentration of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and phytochemicals. These compounds are essential for various bodily functions and offer numerous health benefits, including reduced risk of chronic diseases.

3. What is sulforaphane, and why is it important?
Sulforaphane is a compound found in high concentrations in broccoli sprouts. It’s known for its anti-cancer properties, ability to reduce inflammation, and support for heart health. Sulforaphane activates detoxification enzymes and may also have neuroprotective effects.

4. How do broccoli sprouts compare to mature broccoli in terms of nutrient content?
Broccoli sprouts contain higher levels of certain nutrients and phytochemicals compared to mature broccoli. For example, the concentration of sulforaphane in sprouts is significantly higher than in the adult plant.

5. What vitamins are found in broccoli sprouts?
Broccoli sprouts are rich in vitamins A, C, and K. Vitamin A is vital for eye health, vitamin C boosts the immune system and skin health, and vitamin K is essential for blood clotting and bone health.

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6. Are there any minerals in broccoli sprouts?
Yes, broccoli sprouts contain minerals like calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Calcium supports bone health, potassium is crucial for heart function and muscle contractions, and magnesium plays a role in over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body.

7. Can broccoli sprouts help with digestion?
Broccoli sprouts contain dietary fiber, which aids in digestion, promotes gut health, and helps maintain a healthy weight. Fiber also helps in controlling blood sugar levels.

8. Do broccoli sprouts have anti-inflammatory properties?
Yes, the antioxidants and sulforaphane in broccoli sprouts have anti-inflammatory properties. They can help reduce the risk of chronic inflammation-related diseases like arthritis, heart disease, and certain types of cancer.

9. How can broccoli sprouts benefit skin health?
The antioxidants, particularly vitamin C, in broccoli sprouts can benefit skin health by promoting collagen production and protecting against skin damage caused by UV rays and pollution.

10. Are broccoli sprouts beneficial for heart health?
Broccoli sprouts are beneficial for heart health due to their antioxidant properties and the presence of fiber. They help in reducing cholesterol levels and maintaining healthy blood vessels.

11. Can eating broccoli sprouts aid in weight loss?
Broccoli sprouts are low in calories yet high in fiber and nutrients, making them an excellent addition to a weight loss diet. They can help create a feeling of fullness, reducing overall calorie intake.

12. How do broccoli sprouts impact brain health?
The sulforaphane in broccoli sprouts may have neuroprotective effects. It can help in reducing the risk of neurodegenerative diseases and improve brain function.

13. Are broccoli sprouts suitable for diabetics?
Yes, the low glycemic index and high fiber content make broccoli sprouts suitable for diabetics. They can help in regulating blood sugar levels.

14. How can I include broccoli sprouts in my diet?
Broccoli sprouts can be added to salads, sandwiches, smoothies, and wraps. They can also be lightly steamed or sautéed, though raw consumption is recommended to retain most nutrients.

15. Can broccoli sprouts improve liver health?
Yes, the antioxidants and sulforaphane in broccoli sprouts help in detoxifying the liver and protecting it from damage.

16. Are there any side effects of consuming broccoli sprouts?
While generally safe, some people might experience gas or bloating due to the high fiber content. It’s also important to source clean, uncontaminated sprouts to avoid foodborne illnesses.

17. How do I store broccoli sprouts?
Broccoli sprouts should be stored in the refrigerator and consumed within a few days for optimal freshness. They can also be grown at home easily for continuous supply.

18. Can broccoli sprouts prevent or treat any diseases?
While broccoli sprouts have been associated with numerous health benefits and may lower the risk of certain diseases, they should not be considered a cure or sole treatment for any condition. A balanced diet and medical advice are crucial.

19. Is it easy to grow broccoli sprouts at home?
Yes, growing broccoli sprouts at home is relatively easy and can be done using a simple jar method. It requires minimal space and can be a fun, educational activity.

20. How often should I eat broccoli sprouts for health benefits?
Incorporating broccoli sprouts into your diet several times a week can help you reap their health benefits. However, the exact frequency can depend on individual dietary needs and preferences.


Whilst eating healthy is certainly worthwhile, some people struggle to find diversity in their meals whilst keeping them healthy. Although vegetables may often be included in meals broccoli sprouts are all too often overlooked as a healthy way to add a tangy and crunchy taste to your well-balanced diet.

Whilst finding healthy alternatives for meals can sometimes be a challenge, Todd’s Seeds try to make life easier by not just supplying the means but also providing growing instructions all on a single website. This will assist you in providing well-balanced and healthy meal plans for both you and your family.

You can also watch the video version of this article and if you like what you see head on over to YouTube and subscribe to our channel for more gardening and sprouting videos: Todd’s Seeds Youtube Channel